Nublo Rural Park
It is one of the largest natural areas in Gran Canaria and also has 30 small settlements. It has a total area of 26,304.4 hectares and includes important geomorphological structures such as the Caldera de Tejeda, a volcanic crater.
The park is located in the central and southwestern part of the island, where very old and eroded natural materials are visible.
It consists of three separate natural areas: the Tejeda basin, the Sándara Mountain and the southwestern ravines which end in steep coastal cliffs. It also includes a small section east of Tejeda and Pajonales, framed by Roque Nublo and other volcanic shapes and peaks that crown the structure. Together they form a peculiar, abrupt landscape of summits that enclose the spectacular Tejeda volcanic crater.
The whole area has considerable and varied use, ranging from residential settlements to agricultural uses such as raising livestock (mainly goats and sheep).
The crops are varied and support small family economies with little access to foreign markets. They consist of fruit trees, especially almonds (on the summits), potatoes and vegetables which are supplied by water from the abundant dams located throughout the protected area.
In the narrow valleys of the southwest, the settlements are usually located at the head of the ravines and in the bed of the ravines where the availability of soil and water make it possible to grow crops which need a more abundant water supply.
The area was protected by Law 12/1987, dated June 19th, regarding Natural Areas in the Canary Islands and concerned part of the natural parks of Ojeda, Inagua and Pajonales, Tejeda, most of the natural park of the Southwest and a small section to the north of the natural park of Ayagaures and Pilancones. A further law 12/1994, dated the 19th December regarding Natural Areas in the Canary Islands reclassified it to its current category of Rural Park, and it’s status was further extended by Law 3/1998 dated the 6th April. The section of the park that borders the Inagua natural reserve is considered to be an area of ecological sensitivity (ASE). It is also a special protection area for birds, as established by Directive 79/409 / EEC regarding the conservation of Wild Birds, and is also a national hunting refuge. A section of the park around the Veneguera ravine was also declared ASE as a complementary measure of protection, in order to allow research into what may negatively affect its current state.
Also within this are lie part of the hills of "El Pinar", "Cortijo de Tifaracas" and "Cortijo del Nublo".