Avocado and Mango
Due to the great climate Mogán is home to two jewels of nature, the avocado and the mango. A variety of crops are grown here and avocados were more than likely introduced by emigrants that returned to Spain from South America.
Many avocado varieties present today in the municipality are direct descendants from those that were brought back by those travelers, and are known as "country or summer" varieties. They consist of a large number of different varieties of Antillean avocado and perhaps the most popular is the one known as "Berruga or the Huts", which is a hybrid most likely produced in the municipality and practically impossible to find in other places.
For a long time, these were the only varieties that were cultivated. In the 1960s, commercial (winter) varieties were introduced This resulted in a change in how the fruit is grown here with more regular planting and higher yields. The varieties which were introduced were Fuerte, Pinkerton, Hass and Reed. At present Fuerte and Pinkerton are dominant, but alongside them there are also varieties from South America which have had a small revival in recent years.
The quality of the fruit grown in the area is well known and one can often hear the term "Aguacate de Mogán" (avocadoes from Mogan) used at markets as a sign of quality.
Avocadoes contain Vitamin B6, vitamin E, folic acid and monounsaturated fats that can help reduce cholesterol amongst other great benefits. It also regulates blood sugar and reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases as well as protecting against certain cancers like prostate and breast cancer. The avocado is a gift from nature which has the ideal conditions to flourish and grow in Mogan.
The other great hero of agriculture in Mogan is the mango. It was introduced after the avocado, but the cultivation of mangoes has continued to grow since the 70’s. Cultivation started with varieties of this fibrous fruit broadly known as mangoes. However, the ones grown in the area now are select varieties commonly known as mangas, namely: Osteen, Keith, Tolvert, Tommy Atkins and Glem.
As with the avocado, the excellent climate in Mogán helps the mango trees develop to their fullest and gives their fruit an extraordinary quality which is enjoyed by consumers. It also has highly nutritious properties such as a richness in vitamins E, C , and provitamin A, along with minerals such as magnesium phosphorus, calcium and potassium. It also has a high fiber content, which can contribute to lower cholesterol, and regulate blood sugar. Mangoes contain folic acid, making it an ideal fruit to eat during pregnancy and while breast feeding.
Mogán wanted to celebrate having these two natural jewels amongst its wonders with tourists and visitors through the creation of two festivals. One festival to celebrate summer mangoes and avocados in September, and one to celebrate winter avocados in December. With two fairs dedicated to their promotion, visitors can learn more about them, as well as purchase these two wonders of the Mogan countryside directly from the producers.
Although the mango and avocado are the backbone of the agricultural production of the area, other produce such as guavas and oranges are also of exceptional quality and have also found Mogán to be their ideal place to flourish.